• Name: IMG_8644 - Version 2
  • Caption: At this elevation, one-needle pinyon pine is becoming dominant. The kilns are huge ovens in which thousand of pinyon pines were converted to charcoal for use in distant mine smelter, beginning in 1988 (Haller, Muller, Vivette)
  • Keywords: Charcoal Kilns, Death Valley National Park, Pinyon Pine